Chesapeake Bay - 20th Century - The Mariners' Museum
The Mariners' MuseumChesapeake Bay - Our History and Our Future
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Introduction
Shipbuilding on the Chesapeake
Curtiss Flying School
Eugene Ely
Langley Field
German Ships in Hampton Roads
Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation
Fort Monroe and Coastal Defense
Fort McHenry
Camp Eustis
Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads
Suggested Reading

Chesapeake Bay -
Our History and Our Future
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Bank of America
Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads
U.S. Ships at Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads, Circa 1920s
U.S. Ships at Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads, Circa 1920s
Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition
Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition
Since 1908, the navy had talked of purchasing the property in Norfolk, Virginia, where the Jamestown Expedition had occurred in 1907, but other expenditures had always taken precedence. When the property was offered to the navy in January 1917, it expressed no interest. One day after the United States entered the war in Europe in April 1917, the secretary of the navy approached the Fidelity Land and Investment Corporation, owner of the property, and offered to lease, and later to purchase the property.

View of tent housing the Navy's Air Fleet
View of tent housing the Navy's Air Fleet
U.S. Naval Air Station, Hampton Roads, Virginia, 1918
U.S. Naval Air Station, Hampton Roads, Virginia, 1918
President Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation establishing the Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads on June 28, 1917, and construction began within a month. By the end of August 1917, housing was completed for 7, 500 men, along with mess halls, storehouses, and a road system. The Naval Operating Base was commissioned on October 15, 1917. During its first year, the base housed the Naval Training Station, Naval Hospital, a Submarine Station, and was the headquarters for the Fifth Naval District. By Armistice Day, November 11, 1918, there were 34, 000 personnel stationed at the base.



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