Chesapeake Bay - 20th Century - The Mariners' Museum
The Mariners' MuseumChesapeake Bay - Our History and Our Future
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Introduction
Shipbuilding on the Chesapeake
Curtiss Flying School
Eugene Ely
Langley Field
German Ships in Hampton Roads
Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation
Fort Monroe and Coastal Defense
Fort McHenry
Camp Eustis
Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads
Suggested Reading

Chesapeake Bay -
Our History and Our Future
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Camp Eustis
7-inch Railway Gun, Camp Eustis, Virginia
7-inch Railway Gun, Camp Eustis, Virginia
In 1918, Camp Abraham Eustis became the army's Balloon Observation School and a Coast Artillery Center. Named for Brevit Brigadier General Abraham Eustis, first commanding officer of Fort Monroe, the camp was built along the James River on Mulberry Island, then part of Warwick County, Virginia, on the land which had been owned by John Rolfe in the seventeenth century. The terrain offered a perfect training facility for soldiers preparing to fight in the trenches of France.

Electrical Course, Camp Eustis, Virginia
Electrical Course, Camp Eustis, Virginia
Over 20, 000 men passed through the camp during World War I, being trained in motor transport and trench mortars. Camp Eustis was also the home of the new military sciences of anti-aircraft and railway artillery.

In 1923, Camp Eustis was renamed Fort Eustis and became a permanent military installation. It remained the home of artillery and infantry units until 1931, when it became a prison, mainly for bootleggers during the prohibition of alcohol. It was re- opened as a military post and assumed its original mission as a Coast Artillery Training Center in 1940, and continued in this role until 1946 when it became the home of the Transportation School. Today U.S. Army soldiers are trained in marine and amphibious operations, rail transportation, and many other forms of transportation.

For more information on Camp Eustis, click here .


 

 

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