Chesapeake Bay - 20th Century - The Mariners' Museum
The Mariners' MuseumChesapeake Bay - Our History and Our Future
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Shipbuilding on the Chesapeake
Curtiss Flying School
Eugene Ely
Langley Field
German Ships in Hampton Roads
Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation
Fort Monroe and Coastal Defense
Fort McHenry
Camp Eustis
Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads
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Chesapeake Bay -
Our History and Our Future
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Langley Field
Birdseye view of Langley Field, 1920
Birdseye view of Langley Field, 1920
When Congress established the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in the spring of 1915, the United States' commitment to the study of aeronautics was set. The site selected for research and experimentation was along the Back River in Hampton Roads. Named for Samuel Pierpont Langley, former secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and aeronautical researcher, Langley Field, established in 1917, became the home of the 5th Aviation School Squadron. Langley Field was also the home of the U.S. Army School of Aerial Photography and the U.S. Army School of Aerial Observers during World War I.

Following the war, Langley witnessed aviation history when Billy Mitchell set off to prove the superiority of air power against enemy naval forces. Langley Field retained an important role in the Army Air Corps throughout the 1930s and when World War II broke out, work began at Langley Field on antisubmarine warfare using aircraft. After World War II, Langley became the headquarters for the Tactical Air Command, training and equipping combat-ready forces during times of peace and war. Langley Field became Langley Air Force Base in 1948.

Today, Langley is the home of the 1st Fighter Wing, continuing with the mission of the Tactical Air Command. In 1992, the Tactical Air Command was replaced with Air Combat Command, providing air combat forces and playing a leadership role in various defensive and offensive areas.

For more information on Langley Field, click here.



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